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Banking Trends: Has the Banking Industry Become Too Concentrated?
By one key measure, the banking market has become highly concentrated, but other measures suggest a more nuanced story.
Banking Trends: Estimating Today's Commercial Real Estate Risk
To survive a decline in commercial real estate prices such as occurred during the financial crisis, how much more capital do banks today need?
The Rise in Loan-to-Deposit Ratios: Is 80 the New 60?
Liquidity ratios at small banks have climbed in recent decades. Why has this happened? Should regulators be concerned? A traditional signal that a bank may not have enough liquid assets to cover a sudden loss of funding has increased dramatically at small banks in recent decades. Small banks? median ratio of the value of their loans outstanding to the value of their deposits has risen from around 60 percent in the second half of the 1980s to around 80 percent today. Meanwhile, the same measure of liquidity has increased about 5 percentage points at large banks. How can we explain this big ...
Measuring Cov-Lite Right
More business loans today lack traditional covenants governing borrowers. Does that leave banks with fewer tools to ward off default?
Banking Trends: Skin in the Game in the CMBS Market
Issuers of commercial mortgage-backed securities must now retain a portion on their own books. What evidence is there that the rule will reduce risky lending?
How Our Region Differs
The banking industry has undergone a sea change in the last 30 years. Regulatory changes and technological advances have led to dramatic increases in the size and market share of large banks, while banks have shifted their activities notably away from commercial lending toward real estate lending. While these broad trends are true of banks in the Third District served by the Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia, our regional banking market also differs in some interesting ways. Our small regional banks are larger and concentrate much more heavily on residential real estate lending and less on ...
Banking Trends: How and Why Bank Capital Ratios Change Over the Business Cycle
Small-bank and large-bank capital ratios behave quite differently. To under-stand the difference, look at the data.
Banking Trends: Is Small-Business Lending Local?
Although large banks dominate the market for small-business loans, a local presence still matters
Banking Trends Regulatory Changes and Community Banks During COVID
Small banks that received capital relief appear to have been more resilient.
How Dodd–Frank affects small bank costs
Do stricter regulations enacted since the financial crisis pose a significant burden?