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Author:Zhu, Heting 

Journal Article
Manufacturing and Service Sector Roles in the Evolution of Innovation and Productivity

The relative size of the manufacturing sector in an economy depends on its stage of development. As economies become more industrialized, employment and output increase rapidly. Eventually, for large-enough levels of development, the contribution of the manufacturing sector starts declining in favor of the service sector.
Economic Synopses , Issue 2 , Pages 1-3

Journal Article
Domestic Innovation and International Technology Diffusion as Sources of Comparative Advantage

Productivity differences across countries determine patterns of international trade?hence, comparative advantage. We use a multi-industry model of international trade to estimate a measure of industry productivity. We then quantify the effect that domestic innovation and technology diffusion have in explaining differences in productivity across countries and industries. Consistent with standard growth theories, we find the following: (i) Higher-income countries benefit more from domestic innovation than lower-income countries, whereas lower-income countries benefit more from technology ...
Review , Volume 100 , Issue 4

Journal Article
Aging and Wealth Inequality

An aging population may reduce wealth inequality.
Economic Synopses , Issue 2 , Pages 1-2

Journal Article
Unequal Pink Slips? Gender and the Risk of Unemployment

In this article, we discuss another facet of the difference between men and women in the labor force: their exposure to unemployment. We complement our analysis with a discussion of the black-white exposure to unemployment and show that it behaves noticeably differently than male-female exposure.
The Regional Economist , Volume 26 , Issue 2

Journal Article
What Does China’s Rise in Patents Mean? A Look at Quality vs. Quantity

Using three measurements of patent quality, we argue that there is still room for China to improve its innovative activities. Comparing the number of patent applications and patent grants across countries, we see that although the United States and Japan have been global leaders in innovation for a long time, South Korea and China are catching up fast. If China sustains its large innovation investment and shifts its focus from quantity to quality, together with an improvement in intellectual property rights, the likelihood of becoming one of the next innovation leaders could be much higher.
Economic Synopses , Issue 14 , Pages 1-2

Journal Article
Mixing the Melting Pot: The Impact of Immigration on Labor Markets

Some people argue that immigrants make life harder for workers who are already U.S. citizens. But the data don?t show much of a correlation between immigration and the unemployment rate or between immigration and wages.
The Regional Economist , Volume 25 , Issue 1

Journal Article
Which Countries and Industries Contributed the Most to the Decline in Trade Barriers Around the World?

Diverse trends across countries and industries are behind the global decline in trade barriers.
Economic Synopses , Issue 26 , Pages 1-3

Journal Article
Measures of Pollution

Pollution in the United States rises with economic activity, but at a noticeably lower pace.
Economic Synopses , Issue 9 , Pages 1-2

Journal Article
Evolution of the Teen Abortion Rate in the United States

The number of teenage girls who have had an abortion has changed noticeably since the 1970s.
Economic Synopses , Issue 8 , Pages 1-2

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