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Natural resource scarcity and technological change
Nonrenewable natural resources, such as aluminum and crude oil, exist only in fixed amounts on Earth. Consequently, some observers are concerned that natural resource scarcity will eventually limit future economic growth and human well-being. Others remain optimistic that technological change will overcome geophysical scarcity. Brown and Wolk examine the evidence for natural resource scarcity and find that over the past century reliance on free markets has promoted sufficient technological change to overcome geophysical scarcity for most nonrenewable natural resources. Rather than ...