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Author:Williams, John C. 

Monetary policy, money, and inflation

Presentation to the Western Economic Association International, San Francisco, CA, July 2, 2012
Speech , Paper 107

The outlook, education, and the future of the American economy

Presentation to the Arizona Council on Economic Education Tempe, Arizona
Speech , Paper 158

Journal Article
Labor markets and the macroeconomy: conference summary

This Economic Letter summarizes the papers presented at a conference on "Labor Markets and the Macroeconomy" held at the Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco on March 3 and 4, 2006.
FRBSF Economic Letter

Working Paper
Measuring the natural rate of interest redux

Persistently low real interest rates have prompted the question whether low interest rates are here to stay. This essay assesses the empirical evidence regarding the natural rate of interest in the United States using the Laubach-Williams model. Since the start of the Great Recession, the estimated natural rate of interest fell sharply and shows no sign of recovering. These results are robust to alternative model specifications. If the natural rate remains low, future episodes of hitting the zero lower bound are likely to be frequent and long-lasting. In addition, uncertainty about the ...
Working Paper Series , Paper 2015-16

From Sustained Recovery to Sustainable Growth: What a Difference Four Years Makes. Speech to the Forecasters Club , New York, New York, March 29, 2017

Remarks to the Forecasters Club , New York, New York, by John C. Williams, President and CEO, Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco , March 29, 2017
Speech , Paper 174

A New York Moment

Remarks at The Future of New York City: Charting an Equitable Recovery for All, Federal Reserve Bank of New York, New York City.

Journal Article
Economic outlook: springtime is on my mind

The labor market looks good, inflation is moving back toward the FOMC?s target, and the economic expansion remains on track. Under these conditions, monetary policy is going back to the basics. Sparking faster growth in the future through innovation and more rapid productivity gains will require investments to build human capital, which is outside the realm of monetary policy. The following is adapted from a presentation by the president and CEO of the Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco to the Sacramento Economic Forum in Sacramento, California, on May 13.
FRBSF Economic Letter

Journal Article
Estimating the macroeconomic effects of the Fed’s asset purchases

An analysis shows that the Federal Reserve?s large-scale asset purchases have been effective at reducing the economic costs of the zero lower bound on interest rates. Model simulations indicate that, by 2012, the past and projected expansion of the Fed?s securities holdings since late 2008 will lower the unemployment rate by 1 percentage points relative to what it would have been absent the purchases. The asset purchases also have probably prevented the U.S. economy from falling into deflation.
FRBSF Economic Letter

The Jenga Tower of Prosperity: The Strong, Prosperous, And Resilient Communities Challenge (SPARCC). Speech to the SPARCC National Launch Event, New York, New York, March 30, 2017

Remarks at the SPARCC National Launch Event, New York, New York, by John C. Williams, President and CEO, Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco, March 30, 2017
Speech , Paper 175

China, rates, and the outlook: may the (economic) force be with you

Presentation to the Symposium on Building the Financial System of the 21st Century: An agenda for China and the United States, Armonk, New York, September 19, 2015
Speech , Paper 152


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inflation 23 items

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