College Freshman Enrollment Drops during Pandemic
First-time college enrollment declined significantly in 2020—a stark contrast with what traditionally happens during recessions.
U.S. States Hit the Hardest by COVID-19 Have Lower Unemployment Risks
States with relatively more COVID-19 cases tend to have a workforce less likely to face unemployment.
COVID-19 and Unemployment Risk: State and MSA Differences
Which states and MSAs have large shares of workers at high risk of unemployment?
Startups Account for Smaller Share of U.S. Jobs
Since 1994, startup firms have seen their share of U.S. employment shrink.
Did the Fed’s Dollar Swap Lines Work?
In March, the Federal Reserve took steps to increase the supply of dollars to foreign markets to ensure liquidity and lessen volatility. Did the policies work?
Trends in Startups’ Share of Jobs in the U.S. and Eighth District
Startups have been representing a smaller share of all jobs within the U.S. and Eighth District in recent years.
How Many People Does It Take to Start a Company?
The average number of employees at startups has declined over the past several years.
What Are the Fed’s Dollar Swap Lines and FIMA Repos, and Why Do They Matter?
Making it easier for central banks to access U.S. dollars helps calm exchange rate volatility and allow markets and credit lines to operate smoothly.
Firms Start with Fewer Employees over Last 25 Years
The average new firm that is less than a year old had 20% fewer workers in 2019 than it did in 1994.
COVID-19 and the Great Recession: Market Hours and Home Production across American Households
Women and households with children have been hit harder in this recession than they were in the previous recession.