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Interstate banking and the Federal Reserve: a historical perspective
The U.S. banking system is unique in the industrialized world because it lacks nationwide banks. Historically, interstate banking was associated with other issues, such as monopolistic power and excessive political influence. This perception fueled public distaste for national banking. A more positive sentiment has emerged in recent years. Federal Reserve opinion evolved from one of strong opposition to interstate banking to one of acceptance. ; Clair and Tucker trace the rise and fall of opposition to interstate banking and explore banking developments during the twentieth century. They ...
Six causes of the credit crunch
Bank lending typically moves with the business cycle. In Texas from 1987 to 1992, however, bank loans declined while nonagricultural employment rose. Robert T. Clair and Paula Tucker consider this evidence of a constrained supply of bank loans, or credit crunch. ; Clair and Tucker find that multiple factors have reduced banks' willingness and ability to supply loans. The resolution of failed banks and thrifts, tightening of bank examination standards, new capital requirements, new regulations and increased enforcement of old regulations, and increased exposure to lawsuits have each had an ...