Safeguarding the banking system from financial cycles
The procyclical application of bank capital requirements
Capital requirements have long been considered important to bank safety and the protection of the federal deposit insurance fund. But widespread banking problems and heavy losses to the deposit insurance fund have intensified the focus on capital. Supervisory agencies have become even more rigorous in applying and enforcing capital standards, imposing higher requirements on damaged banks. Furthermore, capital requirements have taken on greater significance as a result of a key provision of the recently enacted banking legislation, the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation Improvement Act of ...
Insurance companies as financial intermediaries: risk and return
Lessons from New England bank failures
The failure of the Rhode Island Share and Deposit Indemnity Corporation (RISDIC), a private insurance fund, and the closure of its 45 remaining member institutions froze the accounts of 300,000 individuals and 10 percent of all deposits in the state. While the closure of two institutions triggered RISDICs demise, flaws in both design and management had set the stage for failure and are the focus of this article. The authors group RISDICs problems into three categories: risk concentrations, control of the insurance fund by those it insured, and RISDICs inadequate regulatory oversight of ...
Safeguarding the banking system in an environment of financial cycles: an overview
Various proposals to enhance the safety and soundness of the banking system have been debated in recent years. But the debate has generally focused on limiting losses to the deposit insurance funds in order to protect taxpayers, rather than on the broader implications for the banking system and its role in financial markets and the economy. Furthermore, proposals have generally not been considered in the context of financial cycles, where changing economic circumstances may reveal risk exposures and the potential for widespread losses in important segments of the banking industry. ; In the ...
The implication of financial cycles for subordinated debt proposals