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Author:Peneva, Ekaterina V. 

Discussion Paper
Residual Seasonality in Core Consumer Price Inflation: An Update

In this Note, we take another look at residual seasonality in several measures of core inflation.
FEDS Notes , Paper 2019-02-12-2

Discussion Paper
Bottlenecks, Shortages, and Soaring Prices in the U.S. Economy

Since the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic, sweeping production constraints, combined with surging demand in some industries, have led to shortages, severe congestion, and soaring prices. What will it take for these bottlenecks to resolve and for price pressures to ease?
FEDS Notes , Paper 2022-06-24

Working Paper
The Passthrough of Labor Costs to Price Inflation

We use a time-varying parameter/stochastic volatility VAR framework to assess how the passthrough of labor costs to price inflation has evolved over time in U.S. data. We find little evidence that changes in labor costs have had a material effect on price inflation in recent years, even for compensation measures where some degree of passthrough to prices still appears to be present. Our results cast doubt on explanations of recent inflation behavior that appeal to such mechanisms as downward nominal wage rigidity or a differential contribution of long-term and short-term unemployed workers to ...
Finance and Economics Discussion Series , Paper 2015-42

Discussion Paper
Residual Seasonality in Core Consumer Price Inflation

The past 10 years have typically seen a pattern in which consumer price inflation has tended to be higher in the first half of the year than in the second half.
FEDS Notes , Paper 2014-10-14

Working Paper
Factor intensity and price rigidity: evidence and theory

This paper establishes a new empirical finding: the degree of labor intensity and the degree of price flexibility are negatively correlated across industrial sectors. I model this in an economy with staggered nominal wage contracts and production sectors that differ in labor and capital intensities. Nominal disturbances affect capital-intensive and labor-intensive sectors asymmetrically: prices of labor-intensive goods change less than do prices of capital-intensive goods. In addition, when prices are costly to adjust, more firms in the capital-intensive sectors optimally choose to update ...
Finance and Economics Discussion Series , Paper 2009-07

Discussion Paper
Did the Fed's Announcement of an Inflation Objective Influence Expectations?

Economic theory suggests that inflation expectations are a key determinant of actual inflation.
FEDS Notes , Paper 2015-06-08-2

Discussion Paper
Inflation Perceptions and Inflation Expectations

In this note, we discuss new data on consumers' perceptions of recent inflation from the University of Michigan Surveys of Consumers (MSC). Our preliminary results show that survey responses indicate inflation perceptions differ widely across individuals (with a slightly wider distribution than for inflation expectations) but the bulk of responses are between zero and five percent.
FEDS Notes , Paper 2016-12-05-2

Discussion Paper
Inflation Perceptions During the Covid Pandemic and Recovery

Since 2016, the Michigan Surveys of Consumers (MSC) have included questions on inflation perceptions—what people believe inflation to have been—that are worded symmetrically with their long-standing questions on inflation expectations. The questions on inflation perceptions are currently posed four times a year—in February, May, August, and November. Using available data at the time, Axelrod, Lebow, and Peneva (2018) concluded that inflation expectations and perceptions are very similar and that if perceptions were to change, expectations were likely to change as well.
FEDS Notes , Paper 2024-01-19-3

Discussion Paper
Will Household Expectations Follow Professional Forecasters'?

In January 2012 the FOMC announced an explicit 2 percent objective for inflation as measured by the price index for Personal Consumption Expenditures (PCE).
FEDS Notes , Paper 2015-10-07

Working Paper
Effects of monetary policy shocks across time and across sectors

Recent empirical research by Olivei and Tenreyro (2007) demonstrates that the effect of monetary policy shocks on output and prices depends on the shock's timing: In the United States, a monetary policy shock that takes place in the first half of the year has a larger effect on output than on prices, while the opposite is true in the second half of the year. Olivei and Tenreyro argue that this finding reflects the fact that a greater fraction of wage rates are re-contracted in the second half of the year, implying that wages (and prices) are less flexible in the first half. In this paper, I ...
Finance and Economics Discussion Series , Paper 2013-70


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