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Author:Orrenius, Pia M. 

Journal Article
Texas leads nation in creation of jobs at all pay levels

Even while the state is adding a disproportionate share of jobs, its record of robust employment growth has been clouded by questions concerning the quality of the new positions.
Southwest Economy , Issue Q1 , Pages 10-13

Journal Article
Spotlight: Pandemic Pushes Texas Minority Unemployment Beyond Highs Reached During Great Recession

Recessions are hardest on minorities; the COVID-19 downturn is no different in that regard. More than half of Texas’ population is Hispanic or Black and the consequences are far-reaching if those groups lag behind economically.
Southwest Economy , Issue First Quarter

Journal Article
TN Visas : a stepping stone toward a NAFTA labor market

Southwest Economy , Issue Nov , Pages 1-4

Working Paper
Self-selection among undocumented immigrants from Mexico

This paper examines the effect of changes in migration determinants on the skill level of undocumented immigrants from Mexico. We focus on the effect of changes in economic conditions, migrant networks, and border enforcement on the educational attainment of Mexican-born men who cross the border illegally. Although previous research indicates that illegal aliens from Mexico tend to be unskilled relative to US natives and that economic conditions, networks and border enforcement affect the size of illegal immigrant flows across the border, the interaction of these variables has not been ...
Working Papers , Paper 0005

Journal Article
Turbulent Economy Tests Texans Who Lack Financial Knowledge

Texans continue to trail the nation in financial literacy as measured by the National Financial Capability Study. The Legislature has taken steps to enhance personal finance instruction in a bid to improve performance.
Southwest Economy , Issue First Quarter

Journal Article
Spotlight: Energy Sector Slow to Recover from Malaise Arising from Effects of Global Pandemic

After absorbing a big hit from the COVID-19 pandemic, the energy sector may take until 2022 to recover.
Southwest Economy , Issue Third Quarter

Report
From brawn to brains: how immigration works for America

Immigrants help fuel the U.S. economy, representing about one in every six workers. Because of accelerated immigration and slowing U.S. population growth, foreign-born workers accounted for almost half of labor force growth over the past 15 years. Public attention has forcused mainly on the large number of low-skilled immigrant workers, but the number of high-skilled immigrants actually grew faster during the period.
Annual Report

Journal Article
Mexican migrants stay in border comfort zone

Limited access to migrant networks and strong geographic preferences may underlie border migrants' willingness to settle for lower wages on the border rather than seek higher wages by venturing into the U.S. interior.
Southwest Economy , Issue May , Pages 10-13

Working Paper
The Effect of Immigration on Business Dynamics and Employment

Immigration, like any positive labor supply shock, should increase the return to capital and spur business investment. These changes should have a positive impact on business creation and expansion, particularly in areas that receive large immigrant inflows. Despite this clear prediction, there is sparse empirical evidence on the effect of immigration on business dynamics. One reason may be data unavailability since public-access firm-level data are rare. This study examines the impact of immigration on business dynamics and employment by combining U.S. data on immigrant inflows from the ...
Working Papers , Paper 2004

Conference Paper
Migration, trade, and development: an overview

Simple, neoclassical economic models predict that prices should drive factors such as labor and capital across regions and countries toward their most valuable use. As this happens, developing countries, which are typically labor-rich and capital-scarce, should experience more rapid growth, higher income, and eventually convergence to industrial world levels of well-being. This process is happening slowly in some cases, but in other cases not at all. Do migration and trade speed this convergence? If so, how? If not, why?
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