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Author:Orr, James A. 

Journal Article
New York and New Jersey poised for modest job growth in 2005

Combined employment in New York and New Jersey will expand by 1.1 percent in 2005, following projected growth of 0.9 percent in 2004. Slower than expected growth in the U.S. economy or a falloff in financial market activity, however, could jeopardize the states' employment outlook. Subseries: Second District Highlights.
Current Issues in Economics and Finance , Volume 10 , Issue Dec

Foreign direct investment in U.S. manufacturing: effects on the trade balance

Research Paper , Paper 9032

Journal Article
The trade balance effects of foreign direct investment in U.S. manufacturing

With the rise in foreign direct investment in U.S. manufacturing during the 1980s, the affiliates of foreign multinationals have become potentially important sources of improved U.S. international competitiveness. This article describes the growing foreign presence in the U.S. manufacturing sector and identifies the channels through which foreign investment is most likely to influence exports and imports. The author presents estimates of the long-term trade balance effects of increased foreign ownership of U.S. manufacturing firms.
Quarterly Review , Volume 16 , Issue Sum , Pages 63-76

Journal Article
Has September 11 affected New York City's growth potential?

In addition to exacting a tremendous human toll, the September 11 attack on the World Trade Center caused billions of dollars in property damage and a temporary contraction in New York City's economy. This article explores the effect of these events on the longer run economic prospects for the city. For many years, growth in New York has taken the form of rising property prices, reflecting a steady transition from low- to high-paying jobs. During the 1990s, the city's expansion was built on several factors, including improving fiscal conditions, better public services, and shifting industrial ...
Economic Policy Review , Volume 8 , Issue Nov , Pages 81-96

Conference Paper
Neighborhood revitalization in New York City in the 1990s

Proceedings , Paper 892

Journal Article
Job growth in New York and New Jersey: mid-2007 review and outlook

Employment in the New York-New Jersey region expanded by about 0.9 percent in 2006. Slightly slower job growth - on the order of 0.8 percent - was recorded in the first half of 2007 and is expected to continue throughout the year, in part reflecting moderating growth in the national economy. The employment rise in New York State was led by a strong expansion of services jobs in New York City; any sustained weakening in the city's financial sector would be unlikely to affect employment significantly until 2008.
Current Issues in Economics and Finance , Volume 13 , Issue Aug

Journal Article
Industrial restructuring in the New York metropolitan area

The author analyzes the industrial restructuring process in the New York metropolitan area in the first half of the 1990s. To measure the extent of restructuring, he reviews estimates of permanent job losses of metropolitan workers, mass layoff announcements in the region, and net job changes by industry. The analysis shows that a significant part of the area's recent restructuring reflects a continuation of the long-term trend away from manufacturing toward a service-oriented economy. This shift, while broadly in line with nationwide trends, has been somewhat more intense in the metropolitan ...
Economic Policy Review , Volume 3 , Issue Feb , Pages 61-74

Discussion Paper
New York City’s Economic Recovery—Main Street Gets the Jump on Wall Street

After bottoming out in late 2009, New York City’s economy has been on the road to recovery. In this post, we call attention to an unprecedented feature of the current economic recovery: overall employment in the city began to rebound from the recession well before Wall Street started adding jobs. We also consider some questions that this development naturally raises: What took Wall Street employment so long to recover? What’s been driving job generation on Main Street? What does the recent pickup in Wall Street employment suggest about the outlook for the city’s economy?
Liberty Street Economics , Paper 20110502

Discussion Paper
Could Superstorm Sandy Stimulate the Region's Economy?

The New York metro region’s recovery from Superstorm Sandy is well under way. Spending on restoration and rebuilding activities following a natural disaster is a potentially powerful economic stimulus to the affected area. Indeed, money from outside the region—in the form of federal aid and private insurance payments—flowing to the damaged areas in the region gives a temporary boost to economic activity. But does this mean that Sandy—along with the federal aid and insurance payouts associated with it—was actually good for the region’s economy? In this post, we examine the nature ...
Liberty Street Economics , Paper 20130807

Journal Article
Evaluating the price competitiveness of U.S. exports

An index developed by the authors is used to track the U.S. dollar's performance against a number of foreign currencies. The authors' comparison of the index with the relative export growth rates of Japan and Germany suggests that in the 1990s the dollar stayed near levels that put the United States and its main export rivals on an equal footing. Nevertheless, the dollar's rise in 1997, if sustained, will make it more difficult for U.S. firms to keep pace with their competitors.
Current Issues in Economics and Finance , Volume 4 , Issue Feb


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