A review of bank performance in the Fifth district, 1986
Gains from sales of securities and lower loan loss previsions helped bring higher profits to large Fifth District commercial banks in 1986. At the same time, small- and medium-sized bank profits fell slightly in the District from the previous year. As in the past few years, Fifth District banks outperformed banks in the rest of the United States. For the benefit of those readers curious about the problems connected with measuring bank performance, the authors discuss the most common bank profitability measures and the consequences of relying on accounting rather than market data.
How market value accounting would affect banks
Interstate branch banking
The feasibility of market value accounting for commercial banks
As the severity of the problems facing the federal deposit insurance funds become more obvious, the chorus of support for some form of market value accounting is growing. Proponents cite the benefits of increased disclosure and the discipline such accounting would bring about. Opponents argue that market value accounting is infeasible because it would be too costly and too inaccurate to be worth the effort.
Legal and regulatory reform in electronic payments: an evaluation of finality of payment rules
Each day approximately $1.3 trillion changes hands by means of wholesale wire transfers. Of this total, about $638 billion is exchanged on Fedwire, the Federal Reserve wire transfer network, while just under $622 billion moves over the privately-owned Clearing House Interbank Payment System (CHIPS). On Fedwire, the average transfer is $2.9 million, while transfers on CHIPS average $4.6 million. With such substantial amounts involved in virtually instantaneous transactions, it is not surprising that concern has risen over risks that a large network network participant will fail to settle its ...
The case for interstate branch banking
During the 1980s, many states relaxed laws restricting branching, and most states opened up their borders to entry by out-of-state bank holding companies. This article suggests that both banks and consumers would benefit if laws were further modified to permit bank holding companies to consolidate their interstate subsidiaries into branch networks. While such a change is likely to lead to a smaller number of large banks (although those remaining would operate nationwide), there would probably be little change in the number of small banks serving local markets.
Credit derivatives: an overview
Arising from financial institutions' need to hedge and diversify credit risk, credit derivatives have now become a major investment tool. Almost all credit derivatives take the form of the credit default swap, which transfers default risk from one party to another. Most credit default swaps were once written on single names, but since 2004 the major impetus to growth and market liquidity has been credit default swaps on indexes. ; This paper examines the mechanics, risks, and market for credit default swaps, provides an overview of pricing and dealers' risk-management role, discusses the ...
Banking under changing rules: the fifth district since 1970
Since 1970, the Fifth District has seen changes in state laws governing bank branching and interstate banking and in federal laws governing bank holding company activities. Now that branching within states has been liberalized in all Fifth District jurisdictions, the major field for future evolution of the law is in interstate banking. In particular, nationwide interstate banking, interstate branching, and de novo entry are the last areas in which the law blocks competition among banks.
The discount window
An abstract for this article is not available