Financial consequences of new Asian surpluses
How lower Japanese asset prices affect Pacific financial markets
The collapse of Japanese asset prices in the 1990s sharply reduced the wealth of Japanese banks and life insurers and slowed their international activity. This article traces the channels through which wealth changes altered these intermediaries' growth, pricing, and portfolio strategies. The authors also consider several factors that have eased the adaptation of foreign market participants to the revised strategies.
Explaining international differences in the cost of capital
The cost of capital for banks in international competition
Policies toward corporate leveraging
Foreign bank credit to U.S. corporations: the implications of offshore loans
International financial transactions have grown in recent years far faster than has our ability to understand their significance for national economies. This article seeks to explain the rise in bank loans from banks outside the United States to U.S. businesses. The article looks at the implications of the rapid growth of such loans for issues ranging from the corporate debt buildup in the United States in the late 1980s to the loss of market share in U.S. commercial lending by U.S.-owned banks.