A report on economic conditions in the Little Rock zone
The environment is about economics, too
The cleanup cost of the April 2010 BP oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico is estimated at $6 billion, not including the economic damage to the fishing and tourism industries, which will likely add several billion more. Proponents of stricter environmental regulation believe such catastrophes could be prevented at a reasonable cost. Opponents argue that many preventive procedures are too costly to justify, given the rarity of such incidents. Determining the right balance between preserving the environment and controlling costs is a difficult job for government regulators. Read the October 2010 ...
Firm Size and Employment Dynamics
Large firms have been creating a significantly higher fraction of jobs since the Great Recession.
Banks and credit unions: competition not going away
Has the competitive balance tilted away from banks and toward credit unions, given the latter?s tax exemption and more-recent ability to draw members from wider pools? Whether it has or not, both industries have seen similar trend growth over the past 15 years?and, in fact, have come to resemble each other in many ways.
A report on economic conditions in the Louisville zone
How low can you go? negative interest rates and investors’ flight to safety
It is not uncommon to observe negative interest rates during uncertain times, when investors flee to safety. But the existence of negative market yields provides no support for policies in which central banks set negative interest rates on deposits held at a central bank.
Household financial stress declines in the Eighth District
Understanding poverty measures and the call to update them
Official poverty rates are on the rise in the United States. But does this necessarily mean that more people can?t meet their basic needs? This article examines how poverty is calculated and looks at the criticisms of these measures.
U.S. Job Polarization Persists
Job polarization has existed before, during, and since the Great Recession.
Doubling your monetary base and surviving: some international experience
The authors examine the experience of selected central banks that have used large-scale balance-sheet expansion, frequently referred to as ?quantitative easing,? as a monetary policy instrument. The case studies focus on central banks responding to the recent financial crisis and Nordic central banks during the banking crises of the 1990s; others are provided for comparison purposes. The authors conclude that large-scale balance-sheet increases are a viable monetary policy tool provided the public believes the increase will be appropriately reversed.