Search Results

Showing results 1 to 10 of approximately 70.

(refine search)
Author:Leduc, Sylvain 

Working Paper
Automation, Bargaining Power, and Labor Market Fluctuations

We argue that the threat of automation weakens workers' bargaining power in wage negotiations, dampening wage adjustments and amplifying unemployment fluctuations. We make this argument based on a quantitative business cycle model with labor market search frictions, generalized to incorporate automation decisions and estimated to fit U.S. time series. In the model, procyclical automation threats create real wage rigidity that amplify labor market fluctuations. We find that this automation mechanism is quantitatively important for explaining the large volatilities of unemployment and vacancies ...
Working Paper Series , Paper 2019-17

Working Paper
Commodity price movements in a general equilibrium model of storage

We embed the canonical rational expectations competitive storage model into a general equilibrium framework thereby allowing the non-linear commodity price dynamics implied by the competitive storage model to interact with the broader macroeconomy. Our main result is that the endogenous movement in interest rates implied under general equilibrium enhances the effects of competitive storage on commodity prices. Compared to a model in which the real interest rate is fixed, we find that storage in general equilibrium leads to more persistence in commodity prices and somewhat lower volatility. ...
International Finance Discussion Papers , Paper 1054

Journal Article
Disagreement about the inflation outlook

Disagreement among economic forecasters about the future path of inflation has risen substantially since the start of the recession. The nature of this disagreement varies with the forecast time horizon, with some forecasters expecting much lower short-run inflation and others anticipating much higher long-run inflation. This variation may complicate the Federal Reserve?s monetary policy communications strategy.
FRBSF Economic Letter

Working Paper
Trade integration, competition, and the decline in exchange-rate pass-through

Over the past twenty years, U.S. import prices have become less responsive to the exchange rate. We propose that a significant portion of this decline is a result of increased trade integration. To illustrate this effect, we develop an open economy DGE model in which trade occurs along both the intensive and extensive margins. The key element we introduce into this environment is strategic complementarity in price setting. As a result, a firm's pricing decision depends on the prices set by its competitors. This feature implies that a foreign exporter finds it optimal to vary its markup in ...
International Finance Discussion Papers , Paper 864

Working Paper
Roads to prosperity or bridges to nowhere? theory and evidence on the impact of public infrastructure investment

We examine the dynamic macroeconomic effects of public infrastructure investment both theoretically and empirically, using a novel data set we compiled on various highway spending measures. Relying on the institutional design of federal grant distributions among states, we construct a measure of government highway spending shocks that captures revisions in expectations about future government investment. We find that shocks to federal highway funding has a positive effect on local GDP both on impact and after 6 to 8 years, with the impact effect coming from shocks during (local) recessions. ...
Working Paper Series , Paper 2012-04

Journal Article
The elusive boost from cheap oil

The plunge in oil prices since the middle of 2014 has not translated into a dramatic boost for consumer spending, which has continued to grow moderately. This has been particularly surprising since the sharp drop should free up income for households to use toward other purchases. Lessons from an empirical model of learning suggest that the weak response may reflect that consumers initially viewed cheaper oil as a temporary condition. If oil prices remain low, consumer perceptions could change, which would boost spending.
FRBSF Economic Letter

Journal Article
Unconventional monetary policy and the dollar

Although the Federal Reserve does not target the dollar, its announcements about monetary policy changes can affect the dollar?s exchange value. Before the 2007-09 financial crisis, the dollar?s value generally fell when the Fed lowered its target for the federal funds rate. Since the crisis, the Fed?s announcements of monetary policy easing through unconventional means have had similar effects on the dollar?s exchange rate.
FRBSF Economic Letter

Working Paper
Entry dynamics and the decline in exchange-rate pass-through

The degree of exchange-rate pass-through to import prices is low. An average passthrough estimate for the 1980s would be roughly 50 percent for the United States implying that, following a 10 percent depreciation of the dollar, a foreign exporter selling to the U.S. market would raise its price in the United States by 5 percent. Moreover, substantial evidence indicates that the degree of pass-through has since declined to about 30 percent. ; Gust, Leduc, and Vigfusson (2010) demonstrate that, in the presence of pricing complementarity, trade integration spurred by lower costs for importers ...
Working Paper Series , Paper 2010-23

Working Paper
Expectations and economic fluctuations: an analysis using survey data

Using survey-based measures of future U.S. economic activity from the Livingston Survey and the Survey of Professional Forecasters, the authors study how changes in expectations, and their interaction with monetary policy, contribute to fluctuations in macroeconomic aggregates. They find that changes in expected future economic activity are a quantitatively important driver of economic fluctuations: a perception that good times are ahead typically leads to a significant rise in current measures of economic activity and inflation. The authors also find that the short-term interest rate rises ...
Working Papers , Paper 10-6

Working Paper
Should central banks lean against changes in asset prices?

How should monetary policy be conducted in the presence of endogenous feedback loops between asset prices, firms? financial health, and economic activity? We reconsider this question in the context of the financial accelerator model and show that, when the level of natural output is inefficient, the optimal monetary policy under commitment leans considerably against movements in asset prices and risk premia. We demonstrate that an endogenous feedback loop is crucial for this result and that price stability is otherwise quasi-optimal absent this feature. We also show that the optimal policy ...
Working Paper Series , Paper 2011-15


FILTER BY Content Type


FILTER BY Jel Classification

E32 5 items

E52 2 items

J63 2 items

J64 2 items

E24 1 items

E31 1 items

show more (14)

FILTER BY Keywords

Foreign exchange rates 12 items

Monetary policy 11 items

Inflation (Finance) 6 items

Business cycles 6 items

inflation 4 items

COVID-19 4 items

show more (98)