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Author:Leduc, Sylvain 

Working Paper
Expectations and economic fluctuations: an analysis using survey data

Using survey-based measures of future U.S. economic activity from the Livingston Survey and the Survey of Professional Forecasters, we study how changes in expectations, and their interaction with monetary policy, contribute to fluctuations in macroeconomic aggregates. We find that changes in expected future economic activity are a quantitatively important driver of economic fluctuations: a perception that good times are ahead typically leads to a significant rise in current measures of economic activity and inflation. We also find that the short-term interest rate rises in response to ...
Working Paper Series , Paper 2010-09

Working Paper
Monetary policy, oil shocks, and TFP: accounting for the decline in U.S. volatility

An equilibrium model is used to assess the quantitative importance of monetary policy for the post-1984 decline in U.S. inflation and output volatility. The principal finding is that monetary policy played a substantial role in reducing inflation volatility, but a small role in reducing real output volatility. The model attributes much of the decline in real output volatility to smaller TFP shocks. We also investigate the pattern of output and inflation volatility under an optimal monetary policy counterfactual. We find that real output volatility would have been somewhat lower, and inflation ...
International Finance Discussion Papers , Paper 873

Journal Article
Why Is the Fed’s Balance Sheet Still So Big?

The Federal Reserve?s balance sheet is significantly larger today than it was before the financial crisis of 2008?2009. Rising demand for currency due to greater economic activity is partly responsible for this increase. The balance sheet will also need to remain large because the Federal Reserve now implements monetary policy in a regime of ample reserves, using a different set of tools than in the past to achieve its interest rate target.
FRBSF Economic Letter

Working Paper
International risk-sharing and the transmission of productivity shocks

A central puzzle in international finance is that real exchange rates are volatile and, in stark contradiction to efficient risk-sharing, negatively correlated with relative consumptions across countries. This paper shows that a model with incomplete markets and a low price elasticity of imports can account for these properties of real exchange rates. The low price elasticity stems from introducing distribution services, which drive a wedge between producer and consumer prices and lowers the impact of terms-of-trade changes on optimal agents' decisions. In the authors' model, two very ...
Working Papers , Paper 03-19

Working Paper
Financial market developments and economic activity during current account adjustments in industrial economies

Much has been written about prospects for U.S. current account adjustment, including the possibility of what is sometimes referred to as a "disorderly correction": a sharp fall in the exchange rate that boosts interest rates, depresses stock prices, and weakens economic activity. This paper assesses some of the empirical evidence bearing on the likelihood of the disorderly correction scenario, drawing on the experience of previous current account adjustments in industrial economies. We examined the paths of key economic performance indicators before, during, and after the onset of ...
International Finance Discussion Papers , Paper 827

Journal Article
Unconventional monetary policy and the dollar

Although the Federal Reserve does not target the dollar, its announcements about monetary policy changes can affect the dollar?s exchange value. Before the 2007-09 financial crisis, the dollar?s value generally fell when the Fed lowered its target for the federal funds rate. Since the crisis, the Fed?s announcements of monetary policy easing through unconventional means have had similar effects on the dollar?s exchange rate.
FRBSF Economic Letter

Journal Article
Disagreement about the inflation outlook

Disagreement among economic forecasters about the future path of inflation has risen substantially since the start of the recession. The nature of this disagreement varies with the forecast time horizon, with some forecasters expecting much lower short-run inflation and others anticipating much higher long-run inflation. This variation may complicate the Federal Reserve?s monetary policy communications strategy.
FRBSF Economic Letter

Working Paper
A quantitative welfare analysis of the trade-off between the current regime and macroeconomic stabilization

Working Papers , Paper 01-11

Working Paper
Monetary policy, oil shocks, and TFP: accounting for the decline in U.S. volatility

The volatility of the U.S. economy since the mid-1980s is much lower than it was during the prior 20-year period. The proximate causes of the increased stability and their relative importance remain unsettled, but the sharpness of the volatility decline and its timing has led authors such as Taylor (2000) to argue that a sudden shift in monetary policy is a prime candidate. The authors assess this claim using a calibrated stochastic dynamic general equilibrium model to quantify the contribution of monetary policy and exogenous shocks to the postwar volatility pattern for U.S. output. Their ...
Working Papers , Paper 03-22

Journal Article
Fueling road spending with federal stimulus

Highway spending in the United States between 2008 and 2011 was flat, despite the serious need for improvements and the big boost to state highway funds from the Recovery Act of 2009. A comparison of how much different states received and spent shows that these federal grants actually boosted highway spending substantially. However, this was offset by pressures to reduce state highway spending due to plummeting tax revenues. In fact, analysis suggests national highway spending would have fallen roughly 20% over this period without federal highway grants from the Recovery Act.
FRBSF Economic Letter


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