Who really made your car?
In the past few decades, the evolving relations between automakers and their parts suppliers have resulted in shifts in the location of production across North America. The authors explore the ongoing structural changes to the automotive industry and explain their local, regional, and international implications.
After the perfect storm: What’s next for the auto industry?
Amid the global recession in 2008?09, the U.S. auto industry experienced its worst downturn in recent memory. While conditions have improved in 2010, questions about which factors will shape the industry?s competitiveness remain. The Chicago Fed hosted a conference on May 10?11, 2010, at its Detroit Branch to explore the industry?s past, present, and future.
The Effect of Vehicle Fuel Economy Standards on Technology Adoption
Many countries are tightening passenger vehicle fuel economy standards. The literature on passenger vehicle standards has used structural models to estimate their welfare effects. This paper provides the first empirical evidence on the effects of recently tightened fuel economy standards on technology adoption. Specifically, it investigates changes in the rate and direction of technology adoption, that is, the extent to which technology is used to increase fuel economy at the expense of other vehicle attributes. We find that recent U.S. and European standards have both increased the rate of ...
Estimating U.S. metropolitan area export and import competition
This article estimates the extent to which the manufacturing sectors of U.S. metropolitan economies face competition from abroad and, in turn, how much they export overseas.
Auto Production Footprints: Comparing Europe and North America
Today?s footprints of motor vehicle production1 in Europe and North America appear at first glance to be remarkably similar: In both regions, plants producing motor vehicles are highly agglomerated, which is typical of manufacturing activities. The auto industry is a global industry: A dozen or so mass producers compete with one another around the world. Because these automakers employ similar production models in their plants, one might expect similar forces to shape their production location decisions. This article evaluates whether the same general factors explain the broad patterns seen ...
To trade or not to trade: who participates in RECLAIM?
see Working Paper 96-12
The Great Lakes border economy
The geographic evolution of the U.S. auto industry (pt. 2)
The authors examine changes in the footprint of the auto industry in the United States, starting in 1980 and tracking them through 2003. Their formal analysis of assembly and supplier plant locations traces the reorientation of the auto region from one that extends east?west to one that stretches north?south over this period. To accommodate the large size of the file and the number of illustrations, the article has been divided into two smaller files.