Scale economies at automated clearinghouses
Bank use of downstreamed commercial paper
International comparisons: lessons learned
The effect of transaction pricing on the adoption of electronic payments: a cross-country comparison
Pricing should speed up the substitution of low cost electronic payments for expensive paper-based transactions and cash. But by how much? Norway has explicitly priced individual payment transactions and rapidly shifted to electronic payments while the Netherlands has experienced the same shift without direct pricing. Controlling for differences between countries, the authors estimate the incremental effect of pricing on the shift to electronic payments. If users strongly value the improved convenience or security of electronic payments, pricing?viewed negatively by most consumers?may not be ...
Bank efficiency derived from a profit function
Delivering deposit services: ATMs versus branches
Competition, efficiency, and the future of the banking industry