Explaining the growing inequality in wages across skill levels
This article investigates two prominent explanations--technology and trade--for growing wage inequality by educational attainment. The analysis indicates a prominent role for technological improvements and a modest but still significant role for increased competition from imports.
Recent trade liberalization in developing countries: the effects on global trade and output
Many developing countries are currently easing import tariffs and other barriers to trade. This article estimates the impact of these reforms on international trade flows and global output under alternative assumptions about the ability of developing countries to finance increased import purchases. Particular attention is given to the effect of these reforms on the U.S. economy. The author also considers how the trade policies of the United States and other industrialized countries may influence the trade and output effects of the reforms.
Japanese trade balance adjustment to yen appreciation
The shifting composition of U.S. manufactured goods trade
Finished goods are claiming an increasing share of U.S. imports, while their share of U.S. exports has remained virtually unchanged in recent years. These divergent developments may suggest some erosion of the United States' traditionally strong competitive position in the production of finished goods. The author examines the factors underlying shifts in our trade composition and the implications of recent trends for the nation's trade outlook and competitiveness.