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Nominal Wage Growth at the Individual Level in 2022
Some workers have seen large changes in their wages over the past year. An analysis looks at who has experienced the most and the least nominal wage growth.
Demographics, COVID-19 Leave Construction with Tight Labor Supply
Although pandemic-induced material shortages may improve, the construction industry’s labor supply challenge is the result of longer-term demographic issues.
Neighborhood Types and Demographics
U.S. neighborhoods can be organized into five types, which have very different demographics and geographical locations.
Neighborhood Types and Intergenerational Mobility
Neighborhoods that differ demographically also exhibit differences in how intergenerational mobility relates to job growth.
Real Wage Growth at the Individual Level in 2022
Overall, 54% of workers’ nominal wage growth didn’t keep up with inflation over the past year. But young workers, low-income workers and job switchers tended to fare better than others.
Self-Employment Grows during COVID-19 Pandemic
After declining then remaining fairly constant over the previous decade, the share of U.S. workers who are self-employed has grown in the aftermath of the COVID-19 recession.
Real Wage Growth at the Micro Level
This paper investigates patterns in real wage growth in 2022 to determine whether wages have kept up with rising price levels, and how this differs among labor market participants. Using the CPS for wages and imputing expenditure data from the CEX, we measure separately nominal wage growth and inflation rates at the micro level. We find that there is more heterogeneity in the former, meaning that when we combine them, an individual’s real wage growth is primarily driven by their nominal wage growth. In 2022, 57% of individuals experienced negative real wage growth, with older and less ...