Dollar-Denominated Public Debt in Asia and Latin America
Some countries have high levels of dollar-denominated public debt, which could create a risk for them if U.S. interest rates increase.
Educational Attainment of Immigrants at the National and Eighth District Levels
What role does the foreign-born population play in the economy? Educational attainment and earnings data shed light on potential contributions.
What Is Driving Unauthorized Immigration to the U.S.?
Unauthorized immigration to the U.S. has risen and fallen over time. What factors are behind a recent increase in southwestern border crossings?
COVID-19 and Unauthorized Immigration at the Southwest Border
A drop in U.S. enforcement encounters in the spring suggested the pandemic temporarily slowed unauthorized entry attempts, but such encounters have risen in recent months.
STEM Skills among Foreign-born Workers in the U.S.
Census data show that college-educated foreign-born workers have a relatively larger presence in STEM occupations than those born in the U.S.
St. Louis Fed Research Associates Discuss Work and Experiences
RAs help the St. Louis Fed’s staff of economists investigate topics ranging from productivity to unemployment.
Commercial Loans Rise Sharply during COVID-19 Pandemic
During the first several months of the COVID-19 pandemic, commercial lending increased as small businesses sought loans from the Paycheck Protection Program.
Immigrant Employment Patterns during the Pandemic
Immigrant employment in the U.S. appears to be returning to pre-COVID-19 levels following a disproportionally sharp decline early in the pandemic.
A Look at Recent Refugee Admissions into the U.S. amid COVID-19 Disruptions
The ceiling on the number of refugees eligible to enter the country was sharply increased in fiscal year 2021. Yet COVID-19 hindered their entry.
How Does St. Louis-Area Immigration Differ from National Trends?
Local immigrants with at least a bachelor’s degree are more likely to specialize in the physical sciences than immigrants nationally.