Social Security's treatment of postwar generations
Social Security's tax treatment of distinct groups varies widely among postwar generations: Women, whites, and the college educated have lower lifetime net tax rates than do men, non-whites, and those without a college education. Among income groups, the middle class faces the highest lifetime net tax rate
The consumer price index and national saving
An argument that lowering COLAs for Social Security benefits and adjusting the Consumer Price Index to better reflect the cost-of-living increases that result from inflation will alleviate two long-range problems: escalating federal budget deficits and exceedingly low national saving.
Social Security privatization: a simple proposal
A proposal for a U.S. Social Security reform that gradually, but ultimately fully, privatizes the system. This proposal follows the no-harm, no-foul principle in that it preserves the benefits of older generations and yet promises the same or higher retirement benefits for the young.
Medicare: usual and customary remedies will no longer work
A description of the structural deficiencies that have led to Medicare's impending bankruptcy, and a discussion of the merits of alternative approaches to extending the program's long-term viability. The author argues that the best approach is to adopt a "defined contribution" plan that will restore consumers' interest in economizing on health care services and boost competition among providers and insurers.
A simple proposal for privatizing Social Security
An argument that shifting to a privatized, funded and contribution-based Social Security system could provide undiminished benefits to current retirees while simultaneously preserving the promise of a secure retirement for today's workers and their descendants.
Generational accounting: a new approach for understanding the effects of fiscal policy on saving
An application of generational accounting to fiscal policies that feature intergenerational redistribution. The authors consider different policies, only some of which show up as a change in the deficit, and explore their impact on the net national saving rate.
Generational accounts: a meaningful alternative to deficit accounting
A presentation of a set of generational accounts that can be used as an alternative to the federal budget deficit in assessing intergenerational policy, concluding that the fiscal burdens on future generations will be significantly larger than those on existing generations if current tax policy remains unchanged.
The effect of war expenditures on U.S. output
A study of how war-related temporary increases in government expenditures affect real interest rates and output, with particular emphasis on the probable fiscal effects of the Persian Gulf War.
The welfare loss from a capital income tax
A decomposition of the welfare loss from a capital income tax into its two components: the intertemporal (consuming today versus tomorrow) and the within-period or static (consuming durable versus nondurable goods). Its calculations, which use a calibrated life-cycle model with a representative consumer, suggest that ignoring the static distortion may lead to substantial underestimation of the total welfare loss.
Assessing the impact of income tax, social security tax, and health care spending on U.S. saving rates
An assessment of the effects of proposed reductions in income and Social Security taxes on middle-income Americans and of cuts in health care spending, using the generational accounting method to examine their likely impact on both current and future national saving rates.