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Author:Garcia, Ramon 

Journal Article
Economic strength in rural New York

In New York State, where economic growth has been sluggish for much of the last decade, the rural economy has done relatively well. The population and labor force in rural areas are expanding, and the number of jobs growing. We take a look at this robust rural economy, examining population and job growth, industrial composition, and income patterns in the state's rural areas.
The Regional Economy of Upstate New York , Issue Fall

Journal Article
Buffalo's employment on the rise

Employment growth in 1999 for the Buffalo metropolitan area was the strongest in a decade. Buffalo's job growth rate of 1.6 percent was still less than that of the U.S., upstate, and New York State as a whole. In a second section on the cost of rail shipping in Western New York, we present data showing that rates for the four studied commodities have in fact been above national averages. Although it is difficult to determine the exact reasons for Buffalo's higher prices, some combination of higher costs and a lack of competition likely explain the differential.
The Regional Economy of Upstate New York , Issue Spr

Journal Article
Understanding regional economic growth in the new economy: industry clusters

This article seeks to explain why industry clusters are receiving so much attention. It discusses how and why clusters form, what makes them successful, and why they are believed to contribute to regional economic growth. The article also examines what the evidence on industry clusters suggests about local economic development, and describes strategies used by communities adopting a cluster approach. The final section outlines New York State's efforts to identify the industry clusters that are important to its economy, as well as the challenges faced in this process.
The Regional Economy of Upstate New York , Issue Sum

Journal Article
Economic restructuring in western New York State

We explore the distinctive patterns of Buffalo and Rochester's economic restructuring in detail. We compare the board structural changes in Buffalo's economy with those in Rochester's, and the changes in both metropolitan economies with those in the national economy. We also seek to understand the roots of these changes through an analysis of industry-level data. We find that although Buffalo and Rochester remain highly dependent on goods production and distribution, both cities have followed the national trend away from goods producing industries and toward service industries.
The Regional Economy of Upstate New York , Issue Fall

Journal Article
The information technology industry in New York State

We assess the prominence of the IT industry in New York State. We calculate the concentration of IT industry jobs in the state relative to the nation and identify the IT businesses that figure most importantly in new York's large metropolitan areas.
The Regional Economy of Upstate New York , Issue Spr

Journal Article
Conference explores inner-city business development

The May 1 conferences titled "The untapped urban market: attracting business to the inner city," and presented by the Buffalo Branch of the Federal Reserve Bank of New York in partnership with the University at Buffalo Department of Planning, discussed the economic challenges faced by inner-city communities and explored effective strategies for business development. We summarize the various inner-city development models presented at the conference and the discussion that arose around them.
The Regional Economy of Upstate New York , Issue Sum

Journal Article
Small businesses in upstate New York rank barriers to growth

The Buffalo Branch of the Federal Reserve Bank of New York and the Center for Governmental Research (CGR) surveyed small businesses in western and central New York State. The object of the survey was to identify what small business owners perceive to be the chief barriers to the growth of their companies. We provide an overview of the survey and its findings. The barriers to growth cited in upstate New York are similar to those cited nationwide: nonwage worker costs, state and federal taxes, and energy costs. Small business owners also see several advantages to their upstate New York ...
The Regional Economy of Upstate New York , Issue Win

Journal Article
Examining the rising foreclosure rate

We examine the foreclosure rate in the U.S. economy and outline factors that may be contributing to its rise. We also investigate the behavior of foreclosure rates in New York State and six of its major metropolitan areas. Particular attention is given to Buffalo, where foreclosures increased fourfold in the 1990s.
The Regional Economy of Upstate New York , Issue Spr

Journal Article
How volatile is New York State's economy?

We measure employment volatility in New York State. We find that although New York has demonstrated slow employment growth during the postwar period, its diverse industry composition has helped make it the most stable economy in the nation. We also examine the extent to which regional volatility is due to national, as opposed to local, economic fluctuations. This examination enables us to compare the volatility of New York's major metropolitan areas with a sampling of U.S. cities. Here, we find that New York's metro areas were relatively stable during the postwar period, but some areas ...
The Regional Economy of Upstate New York , Issue Win

Journal Article
Vitality in upstate medical manufacturing

We describe the medical manufacturing industry generally and examine the industry's presence in upstate New York and its metropolitan areas. We show that upstate has a considerable employment concentration in the manufacture of both medical devices and pharmaceuticals. This activity is distributed widely among the region's metropolitan areas, with Buffalo, Glens Falls, Rochester, Syracuse, and Utica specializing in the industry overall and Albany showing strength in two subindustries.
The Regional Economy of Upstate New York , Issue Fall

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