The impact of an aging U.S. population on state tax revenues
As the baby boom generation retires, the nation?s labor force participation rate is expected to decline. And since most people earn less and spend less during retirement, the aging of the U.S. population will likely reduce income and sales tax revenue per capita for state governments. Felix and Watkins draw from data on different age groups? earning and spending patterns to assess how projected changes in the age distribution across the American population are likely to affect earning and spending?and therefore state revenue from income taxes and sales taxes. They find that demographic change ...
What is behind the inflation numbers?
This issue of the Rocky Mountain Economist describes common measures of inflation and explores how recent trends compare to the policy objectives of the Federal Reserve.
Automobile manufacturing in Kansas City metro area
The economic situation in Kansas improved during the summer of 2012, but conditions in Missouri weakened. Employment growth was positive in Kansas during the second quarter, but the pace of growth slowed. In Missouri, employment growth was negative. The unemployment rate rose slightly in both states, but labor market indicators suggest that conditions could improve in the third quarter of 2012.
Deconstructing mountain state unemployment rates
This issue of the Rocky Mountain Economist discusses how the unemployment rate is calculated and explores recent trends in the Mountain States? unemployment rates.
Who offers tax-based business development incentives?
Many American communities seek to attract or retain businesses with tax abatements, tax credits, or tax increment financing of infrastructure projects (TIFs). The evidence for 1999 indicates that communities are most likely to offer one or more of these business development incentives if their residents have low incomes, if they are located close to state borders, and if their states have troubled political cultures. Ten percent greater median household income is associated with a 3.2 percent lower probability of offering incentives; ten percent greater distance from a state border is ...
The importance of community colleges to the Tenth District economy
The recent recession and now the recovery have caused enrollment at many community colleges to soar as unemployed workers retrain for new occupations and students who might otherwise attend a four-year college choose to save money. In the Tenth District, the importance of community colleges is likely to rise even further as the economy continues to evolve and industries demand workers with new skills. ; Labor market projections over the next decade suggest that new jobs in the district will be filled more by workers with an associate?s degree or some college than by those with any other type ...
Economic Benefits and Social Costs of Legalizing Recreational Marijuana
We analyze the effects of legalizing recreational marijuana on state economic and social outcomes (2000–20) using difference-in-differences estimation robust to staggered timing and heterogeneity of treatment. We find moderate economic gains accompanied by some social costs. Post-legalization, average state income grew by 3 percent, house prices by 6 percent, and population by 2 percent. However, substance use disorders, chronic homelessness, and arrests increased by 17, 35, and 13 percent, respectively. Although some of our estimates are noisy, our findings suggest that the economic ...
The growth and volatility of state tax revenue sources in the Tenth District
With the sluggishness in the national economy in 2008, many state governments are projecting budget shortfalls for the 2009 fiscal year. This trend is a concern to policymakers, as the health of a state's tax revenues is important to its economic growth and its ability to finance the public services that residents demand. State governments provide physical infrastructure, educate the future workforce, and protect people and property. In addition, in the Tenth Federal Reserve District, state and local governments employ over 16 percent of the workforce. ; While a number of factors influence ...
Population growth trends in the Mountain States
This issue of the Rocky Mountain Economist explores population trends since the 1990s across the nation and within the Mountain States.