Interview with Barry Eichengreen
Comments on financial crises and contagion
Escaping the middle-income trap
Exchange rates and financial fragility
Managing financial crises in emerging markets
Policy making in an integrated world: from surveillance to ...?
Stability or upheaval? The currency composition of international reserves in the long run
We analyze how the role of different national currencies as international reserves was affected by the shift from fixed to flexible exchange rates. We extend data on the currency composition of foreign reserves backward and forward to investigate whether there was a shift in the determinants of the currency composition of international reserves around the breakdown of Bretton Woods. We find that inertia and policy-credibility effects in international reserve currency choice have become stronger post-Bretton Woods, while network effects appear to have weakened. We show that negative policy ...
Doctrinal determinants, domestic and international of Federal Reserve policy, 1914-1933
This paper describes the doctrinal foundations of Federal Reserve policy from the establishment of the institution through the early 1930s, focusing on the role of international factors in those doctrines and conceptions. International considerations were at most part of the constellation of factors shaping the Federal Reserve?s outlook and policies even in the high gold standard era that ended in 1933. However, neither was the influence of international factors absent, much less negligible. Nor were the Fed?s policies without consequences for the rest of the world. Having described the ...