How U.S. Import Shipping Costs Vary across Countries and Industries
Shipping costs vary greatly across countries and industries. So surging costs likely have a greater impact on imports from distant sources and imports of large, low-value goods.
US Barriers to International Trade of Goods: Tariffs and Non-Tariff Measures
US imports are obstructed by both tariffs and non-tariff measures, which vary significantly across industries.
International Shipping Costs: Determinants and Outlook
The COVID-19 period saw a huge rise in international shipping costs, but price pressure is likely to ease further as containerships on order are built and delivered.
Reviewing the Impact of Energy Sanctions on Russia
So far, Western sanctions on Russian oil and gas exports appear to be working. But in the longer term, Russia may find ways to evade the price cap imposed on its oil sales.
The Dynamics of International Shipping Supply
Recent history suggests that the sharp rise in shipping prices will lead to more container ships, but deliveries of new ships will take years.
U.S. Trade of Semiconductors: Cross-Country Patterns and Historical Dynamics
How dependent is the U.S. on other countries to access semiconductors? How much has this dependence changed over time? And which countries are key players?
Systemic Financial Risks, Macroprudential Tools and Monetary Policy
An analysis describes macroprudential tools used to reduce systemic financial risks and examines how such tools could be useful adjuncts to monetary policy.
Supply Chain Disruptions and Inventory Dynamics
Firms appear to have moved away from a just-in-time inventory model to one that prioritizes resilience, as reflected in high levels of inventory holdings of intermediate inputs.
International Trade Dependence and Inventory Dynamics
US manufacturers that source their intermediate inputs from abroad have been more likely to increase their inventories in the aftermath of unexpected events and heightened uncertainty.
The Increased Tradability of Natural Gas
Technological developments have increased the tradability of natural gas. Researchers Leibovici and Dunn identify potential bottlenecks that may limit growth in this market.