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Author:Divringi, Eileen 

Discussion Paper

COVID-19 and associated economic shutdowns have led to unprecedented job losses, with up to 20 million households and 24 million individuals experiencing an unemployment spell between March 2020 and August 2020.1 The scale of these losses, their disproportionate impact on lower-income workers, and the uncertain timeline of economic recovery have raised concerns about the ability of households to maintain rent payments while out of work.
Community Affairs Discussion Paper

Journal Article
Rental Housing Affordability Impacts Educational and Employment Opportunities*

Though safe, stable housing is widely recognized as a basic human need, it is far from assured for many renters in the Third Federal Reserve District. Across Delaware, New Jersey, and Pennsylvania, the lowest-income renters faced severe shortages of affordable and available units (Figure 1) in 2014, leading to widespread housing cost burdens among households with the most limited means. In all three states, the share of lower-income renter households with unaffordable housing costs1 grew significantly from 2005 to 2014, ranging from over two-thirds in Pennsylvania to more than three-quarters ...
Cascade , Volume 1

Discussion Paper
Home Repair Costs in Baltimore

The COVID-19 pandemic has put housing stability at the forefront of public policy discussions, and home repair is a critical piece of that conversation. What were total home repair costs in Baltimore prior to the pandemic, and how might COVID-19 impact home repair?
Regional Matters

Affordability and Availability of Rental Housing in the Third Federal Reserve District: 2015

In the aftermath of the foreclosure crisis and subsequent tightening of mortgage credit, many households have turned to the rental housing market, increasing pressure on an already limited supply of low-cost units. Using the most recent data available, this issue of Cascade Focus analyzes trends in rental housing affordability in the Third Federal Reserve District between 2007 and 2012. In addition to examining rates of housing cost burden for low-income renter households, this analysis evaluates whether the supply of affordable rental units is sufficient to meet the need. Lastly, this report ...
Cascade Focus

Household Rental Debt during COVID-19

This report estimates the number of households with rental debt — and the amount of debt owed — resulting from employment losses attributable to COVID-19.
Consumer Finance Institute Research Briefs and Special Reports

Household Rental Debt During COVID-19: UPDATE FOR AUGUST 2021

This research update provides new estimates of rental debt that households have accrued because of job loss or involuntary part-time work during the COVID-19 pandemic. The purpose of this update is to provide national and state stakeholders with updated estimates of pandemic-related rental debt as we approach the end of the national eviction moratorium implemented by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).1 These estimates should be interpreted as the amount of rental debt existing prior to the distribution of emergency rental assistance.
Consumer Finance Institute Research Briefs and Special Reports

Journal Article
Research on Affordable Rental Housing and Subsidy Expiration

There is an abundance of evidence that rental markets across the country are unaffordable. Studies show that, from 2000 to 2010, there was a rapid decline in rental affordability, with rent increases occurring in the face of stagnant or declining incomes in nearly every metropolitan area and across almost every quintile of the income distribution during that period.
Cascade , Volume 1

Discussion Paper

In recent years, growing attention has been paid to the nonmedical factors that affect individual and population health. Wide disparities in life expectancy can be identified across neighborhoods within the same city, highlighting the critical role of place and community context.1 Among modifiable factors, social and environmental circumstances are thought to account for roughly half of the variation in health outcomes, more than twice the portion accounted for by clinical care.
Community Affairs Discussion Paper

Renters’ Experiences During COVID-19

his brief provides a summary of renters’ experiences during the COVID-19 pandemic with rental debt, landlords, eviction worries, rental assistance programs, and spending adjustments. It is based on the renter portion of the Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia’s Consumer Finance Institute (CFI) COVID-19 Survey of Consumers – Wave 7, which was conducted in January 2021
Consumer Finance Institute Research Briefs and Special Reports

Working Paper
Gentrification and residential mobility in Philadelphia

Gentrification has provoked considerable debate and controversy about its effects on neighborhoods and the people residing in them. This paper draws on a unique large-scale consumer credit database to examine the mobility patterns of residents in gentrifying neighborhoods in the city of Philadelphia from 2002 to 2014. We find significant heterogeneity in the effects of gentrification across neighborhoods and subpopulations. Residents in gentrifying neighborhoods have slightly higher mobility rates than those in nongentrifying neighborhoods, but they do not have a higher risk of moving to a ...
Working Papers , Paper 15-36


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