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Author:Calomiris, Charles W. 

Working Paper
National Bank Examinations and Operations in the Early 1890s

We use information from examination reports to enrich our understanding of both the examination process and bank operations for National Banks in the early 1890s, the height of the National Banking Era. We describe the examination process and its frequency, as well as the information contained in the examinations relating to bank ownership and corporate governance, the composition and quality of the loan book, dividend payments made by the banks, and the use of different types of liabilities. Our sample of banks is from the larger cities, including several reserve cities, which allows us to ...
Finance and Economics Discussion Series , Paper 2014-19

Journal Article
Is the discount window necessary? a Penn Central perspective

Review , Issue May , Pages 31-55

Conference Paper
The efficiency of self-regulated payments systems: learning from the Suffolk System

Proceedings

Working Paper
Leverage as a state variable for employment, inventory accumulation, and fixed investment

Finance and Economics Discussion Series , Paper 94-24

Conference Paper
Success and failure in pre-depression bank liability insurance

Proceedings , Paper 235

Conference Paper
Reforming the global financial system

Proceedings , Paper 644

Conference Paper
Contagion and bank failures during the Great Depression: the June 1932 Chicago banking panic.

Proceedings , Paper 451

Conference Paper
Bank capital and portfolio management: the 1930s capital crunch and scramble to shed risk

Proceedings , Paper 521

Working Paper
Liquidity Risk, Bank Networks, and the Value of Joining the Federal Reserve System

Reducing systemic liquidity risk related to seasonal swings in loan demand was one reason for the founding of the Federal Reserve System. Existing evidence on the post-Federal Reserve increase in the seasonal volatility of aggregate lending and the decrease in seasonal interest rate swings suggests that it succeeded in that mission. Nevertheless, less than 8 percent of state-chartered banks joined the Federal Reserve in its first decade. Some have speculated that nonmembers could avoid higher costs of the Federal Reserve?s reserve requirements while still obtaining access indirectly to the ...
Working Paper , Paper 16-6

Working Paper
Resolving the puzzle of the underissuance of national bank notes

The puzzle of underissuance of national bank notes disappears when one disaggregates data, takes account of regulatory limits, and considers differences in opportunity costs. Banks with poor lending opportunities maximized their issuance. Other banks chose to limit issuance. Redemption costs do not explain cross-sectional variation in issuance, and the observed relationship between note issuance and excess reserves is inconsistent with the redemption risk hypothesis of underissuance. National banks did not enter primarily to issue national bank notes, and a ?pure arbitrage? strategy of ...
Working Papers , Paper 05-19

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