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Equitable Transportation Tools and Publications
The following tools enable users to understand and analyze transportation trends and issues, with an emphasis on equity. The publications provide resources and strategies used in the equitable transportation field. All of these resources have been selected for their broad geographic scope or applicability
Pre-K Debate Shifts from Effectiveness to Scale
High-quality pre-K programs, characterized by low student-to-teacher ratios, limits on class sizes, and research-informed curricula, have a positive return on public investment, have positive effects on academic and social outcomes, and contribute to the long-term strength of the labor force and the economy. Public debate about pre-K programs has often focused on the issue of effectiveness. However, research data2 obtained from randomized control trials and from existing programs have shown that high-quality pre-K programs can be effective. This article provides an overview of the ...
Small Businesses Report Better Financing Outcomes
Small businesses provide substantial employment and services and are an important part of the U.S. economy. One measure of small business conditions is the findings of the 2015 Small Business Credit Survey1 (SBCS). The survey, which is a collaborative effort of the community development departments of the Federal Reserve Banks of New York, Atlanta, Boston, Cleveland, Philadelphia, Richmond, and St. Louis, includes responses from small businesses operating in 26 states.2 This article summarizes highlights of the 2015 SBCS.