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Why are bank profits so persistent: the roles of product market competition, informational opacity, and regional/macroeconomic shocks
We investigate how banking market competition, informational opacity, and sensitivity to shocks have changed over the last three decades by examining the persistence of firm-level rents. We develop propagation mechanisms with testable implications to isolate the sources of persistence. Our analysis suggests that different processes underlie persistent performance at the high and low ends of the distribution. Our tests suggest that impediments to competition and informational opacity continue to be strong determinants of performance; that the reduction in geographic regulatory restrictions had ...
The dynamics of market entry: the effects of mergers and acquisitions on do novo entry and small business lending in the banking industry
We study the dynamics of market entry following mergers and acquisitions (M&As) and the behavior of recent entrants in supplying output that might be withdrawn by the consolidating firms. The data, drawn from the banking industry, suggest that M&As are associated with subsequent increases in the probability of entry. The estimates suggest that M&As explain more than 20% of entry in metropolitan markets and more than 10% of entry in rural markets. Additional results suggest that bank age has a strong negative effect on the small business lending of small banks but that M&As have little ...