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Author:Berger, Allen N. 

Working Paper
Inside the black box: what explains differences in the efficiencies of financial institutions?

Over the past several years, substantial research effort has gone into measuring the efficiency of financial institutions. Many studies have found that inefficiencies are quite large, on the order of 20 percent or more of total banking industry costs and about half of the industry's potential profits. There is no consensus on the sources of the differences in measured efficiency. This paper examines several possible sources, including differences in efficiency concept, measurement method, and a number of bank, market, and regulatory characteristics. We review the extant literature and provide ...
Finance and Economics Discussion Series , Paper 1997-10

Working Paper
The consolidation of the financial services industry: causes, consequences, and implications for the future

This article designs a framework for evaluating the causes, consequences, and future implications of financial consolidation, reviews the extant research literature within the context of this framework (over 250 references), and suggests fruitful avenues for future research. The evidence is consistent with increases in market power from some types of consolidation; improvements in profit efficiency and diversification of risks, but little or no cost efficiency improvements; relatively little effect on the availability of services to small customers; potential improvements in payments system ...
Finance and Economics Discussion Series , Paper 1998-46

Working Paper
Efficiency and productivity change in the U.S. commercial banking industry: a comparison of the 1980s and 1990s

The authors investigate efficiency and productivity growth of the U.S. banking industry over the latter part of the 1980s and first part of the 1990s using comprehensive data on U.S. commercial banks. Cost efficiency decreased slightly between the 1980s and 1990s, and large banks showed a sizable decline in profit efficiency. Total predicted production costs increased over both the 1980s and 1990s, reflecting cost productivity declines. Changes in business conditions led to cost declines over both periods. Total predicted profits increased in the 1980s and 1990s, with the entire change ...
Working Papers , Paper 97-5

Working Paper
The profit-concentration relationship in banking

Finance and Economics Discussion Series , Paper 176

Conference Paper
Technological progress and the geographic expansion of the banking industry

Proceedings , Paper 817

Working Paper
Do bank bailouts reduce or increase systemic risk? the effects of TARP on financial system stability

Theory suggests that bank bailouts may either reduce or increase systemic risk. This paper is the first to address this issue empirically, analyzing the U.S. Troubled Assets Relief Program (TARP). Difference-in-difference analysis suggests that TARP significantly reduced contributions to systemic risk, particularly for larger and safer banks located in better local economies. This occurred primarily through a capital cushion channel. {{p}} Results are robust to additional tests, including accounting for potential endogeneity and selection bias. Findings yield policy conclusions about the ...
Research Working Paper , Paper RWP 16-8

Working Paper
The surprising use of credit scoring in small business lending by community banks and the attendant effects on credit availability and risk

The literature has documented a positive relationship between the use of credit scoring for small business loans and small business credit availability, broadly defined. However, this literature is hampered by the fact that all of the studies are based on a single 1998 survey of the very largest U.S. banking organizations. This paper addresses a number of deficiencies in the extant literature by employing data from a new survey on the use of credit scoring in small business lending, primarily by community banks. The survey evidence suggests that the use of credit scores in small business ...
FRB Atlanta Working Paper , Paper 2009-09

Conference Paper
Do depositors discipline banks? an international perspective

Proceedings , Paper 1121

Working Paper
Small business credit scoring and credit availability

U.S. commercial banks are increasingly using credit scoring models to underwrite small business credits. This paper discusses this technology, evaluates the research findings on the effects of this technology on small business credit availability, and links these findings to a number of research and public policy issues.
FRB Atlanta Working Paper , Paper 2005-10

Working Paper
Bank Size and Household Financial Sentiment: Surprising Evidence from the University of Michigan Surveys of Consumers

We analyze comparative advantages/disadvantages of small and large banks in improving household sentiment regarding financial conditions. We match sentiment data from the University Of Michigan Surveys Of Consumers with local banking market data from 2000 to 2014. Surprisingly, the evidence suggests that large rather than small banks have significant comparative advantages in boosting household sentiment. Findings are robust to instrumental variables and other econometric methods. Additional analyses are consistent with both scale economies and the superior safety of large banks as channels ...
Working Papers , Paper 19-4

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