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Author:Avery, Robert B. 

Journal Article
The performance and profitability of CRA-related lending

In November 1999, the U.S. Congress asked the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System to conduct a comprehensive study of loans made under the Community Reinvestment Act of 1977. The Board?s study focused on the loans? delinquency and default rates?their performance?as well as their profitability. This Commentary reports the results of the study.
Economic Commentary , Issue Nov

Journal Article
The use of cash and transaction accounts by American families

Federal Reserve Bulletin , Issue Feb

Working Paper
The subprime crisis: Is government housing policy to blame?

A growing literature suggests that housing policy, embodied by the Community Reinvestment Act (CRA) and the affordable housing goals of the government sponsored enterprises, may have caused the subprime crisis. The conclusions drawn in this literature, for the most part, have been based on associations between aggregated national trends. In this paper we examine more directly whether these programs were associated with worse outcomes in the mortgage market, including delinquency rates and measures of loan quality. We rely on two empirical approaches. In the first approach, which focuses on ...
Finance and Economics Discussion Series , Paper 2011-36

Working Paper
Accounting for racial differences in housing credit markets

A documentation of racial and neighborhood differences in home mortgage denial rates using data collected under the Home Mortgage Disclosure Act, exploring the extent to which objective lending criteria are responsible for observed differences. The authors find persistent variations in denial rates between white and minority applicants, but emphasize that the HMDA data do not contain enough relevant information to draw any firm conclusions regarding causation.
Working Papers (Old Series) , Paper 9310

Conference Paper
An analysis of risk-based deposit insurance for commercial banks

Proceedings , Paper 69

Journal Article
Changes in the distribution of banking offices

The past twenty years have been marked by major structural and regulatory changes in the banking industry. This article explores the relationships between these changes and the distribution of "brick and mortar" banking offices between 1975 and 1995. The analysis explores how population shifts, deregulation, and mergers, acquisitions, and failures may have influenced changes in the number and location of banking offices. Special attention is given to changes in banking office distributions across neighborhoods grouped by the median income of their residents and their central city, suburban, ...
Federal Reserve Bulletin , Volume 83 , Issue Sep

Discussion Paper
A dynamic analysis of bank failures

Research Papers in Banking and Financial Economics , Paper 74

The CRA within a changing financial landscape


Journal Article
The 2007 HMDA data

Federal Reserve Bulletin , Volume 94 , Issue Dec , Pages A107-A146

Journal Article
The 2008 HMDA data: the mortgage market during a turbulent year

The data that mortgage lending institutions reported for 2008 under the Home Mortgage Disclosure Act of 1975 (HMDA) reflect the ongoing difficulties in the housing and mortgage markets. This article presents a number of key findings from a review of the 2008 HMDA data. In particular, it documents a reduction in lending activity that was experienced by all groups of borrowers, highlights the Federal Housing Administration's greatly expanded role in the mortgage market, and examines how atypical changes in the interest rate environment affected the incidence of reported higher-priced lending in ...
Federal Reserve Bulletin , Volume 96 , Issue Apr , Pages A169-211


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