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Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond
Economic Quarterly
The Rise in Long-Term Unemployment: Potential Causes and Implications
Andreas Hornstein
Thomas A. Lubik

Long-term unemployment rose dramatically during the recent recession and remains elevated. In this essay, Andreas Hornstein and Thomas A. Lubik analyze the potential causes of this increase and explore various explanations of “duration dependence,” the fact that the likelihood of finding a job decreases the longer a worker is unemployed. The authors find that more workers with inherently low job finding rates have become unemployed, which suggests that monetary policy may have a limited effect on reducing the incidence of long-term unemployment. The authors also discuss what lessons might be drawn from policy responses to long-term unemployment in Europe.

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Andreas Hornstein & Thomas A. Lubik, "The Rise in Long-Term Unemployment: Potential Causes and Implications" , Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond, Economic Quarterly, issue 2Q, pages 125-149, 2015.
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DOI: 10.21144/eq1010203
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