The Effects of Collecting Income Taxes on Social Security Benefits
Abstract: Since 1983, Social Security benefits have been subject to income taxation, a provision that can significantly increase the marginal income tax rate for older individuals. To assess the impact of this tax, we construct and calibrate a detailed life-cycle model of labor supply, saving, and Social Security claiming. We find that in a long-run stationary environment, replacing the taxation of Social Security benefits with a revenue-equivalent increase in the payroll tax would significantly increase labor supply, consumption and welfare. From an ex-ante perspective an even more desirable reform would be to make the portion of benefits subject to income taxes completely independent of other income.
File format is application/pdf
Description: Full text
Provider: Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond
Part of Series: Working Paper
Publication Date: 2017-01-12
Pages: 49 pages