Working Paper

Unexpected Effects of Bank Bailouts: Depositors Need Not Apply and Need Not Run

Abstract: A key policy issue is whether bank bailouts weaken or strengthen market discipline. We address this by analyzing how bank bailouts influence deposit quantities and prices of recipients versus other banks. Using the Troubled Asset Relief Program (TARP) bailouts, we find both deposit quantities and prices decline, consistent with substantially reduced demand for deposits by bailed-out banks that dominate market discipline supply effects. Main findings are robust to numerous checks and endogeneity tests. However, diving deeper into depositor heterogeneity suggests nuances. Increases in uninsured deposits, transactions deposits, and deposits in banks that repaid bailout funds early suggest some temporary limited support for weakened market discipline.

Keywords: Bailouts; Banking; Depositor Behavior; Market Discipline; Bank Runs;

JEL Classification: G18; G21; G28;

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Bibliographic Information

Provider: Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia

Part of Series: Working Papers

Publication Date: 2020-03-05

Number: 21-10