Working Paper

Supply Shock Versus Demand Shock: The Local Effects of New Housing in Low-Income Areas


Abstract: We study the local effects of new market-rate housing in low-income areas using microdata on large apartment buildings, rents, and migration. New buildings decrease nearby rents by 5 to 7 percent relative to locations slightly farther away or developed later, and they increase in-migration from low-income areas. Results are driven by a large supply effect—we show that new buildings absorb many high-income households—that overwhelms any offsetting endogenous amenity effect. The latter may be small because most new buildings go into already-changing areas. Contrary to common concerns, new buildings slow local rent increases rather than initiate or accelerate them.

Keywords: amenities; gentrification; Housing supply; housing a˙ordability;

JEL Classification: R21; R23; R31;

https://doi.org/10.21799/frbp.wp.2020.07

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Bibliographic Information

Provider: Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia

Part of Series: Working Papers

Publication Date: 2020-02-19

Number: 20-07

Pages: 68