Working Paper

Efficiency and productivity change in the U.S. commercial banking industry: a comparison of the 1980s and 1990s

Abstract: The authors investigate efficiency and productivity growth of the U.S. banking industry over the latter part of the 1980s and first part of the 1990s using comprehensive data on U.S. commercial banks. Cost efficiency decreased slightly between the 1980s and 1990s, and large banks showed a sizable decline in profit efficiency. Total predicted production costs increased over both the 1980s and 1990s, reflecting cost productivity declines. Changes in business conditions led to cost declines over both periods. Total predicted profits increased in the 1980s and 1990s, with the entire change reflecting increased profit productivity. Changing business conditions led to small declines in profits.

Keywords: Banks and banking; Productivity;

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Bibliographic Information

Provider: Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia

Part of Series: Working Papers

Publication Date: 1997

Number: 97-5