Report

The Real Consequences of Macroprudential FX Regulations


Abstract: I exploit a natural experiment in South Korea to examine the real effects of macroprudential foreign exchange (FX) regulations designed to reduce risk-taking by financial intermediaries. By using crossbank variation in the regulation's tightness, I show that it causes a reduction in the supply of FX derivatives (FXD) and results in a substantial decline in exports for the firms that were heavily relying on FXD hedging. I offer a mechanism in which imbalances in hedging demand, banks' costly equity financing, and firms' costly switching of banking relationships play a central role in explaining the empirical findings.

Keywords: real effects; macroprudential policy; international finance; derivatives hedging; FX risk management;

JEL Classification: D14; E44; G15; G28; G32;

Access Documents

File(s): File format is application/pdf https://www.newyorkfed.org/medialibrary/media/research/staff_reports/sr989.pdf
Description: Full text

File(s): File format is text/html https://www.newyorkfed.org/research/staff_reports/sr989.html
Description: Summary

Authors

Bibliographic Information

Provider: Federal Reserve Bank of New York

Part of Series: Staff Reports

Publication Date: 2021-10-01

Number: 989