Report

Aggregate Recruiting Intensity


Abstract: We develop an equilibrium model of firm dynamics with random search in the labor market where hiring firms exert recruiting effort by spending resources to fill vacancies faster. Consistent with microevidence, fast-growing firms invest more in recruiting activities and achieve higher job-filling rates. These hiring decisions of firms aggregate into an index of economy-wide recruiting intensity. We study how aggregate shocks transmit to recruiting intensity, and whether this channel can account for the dynamics of aggregate matching efficiency during the Great Recession. Productivity and financial shocks lead to sizable pro-cyclical fluctuations in matching efficiency through recruiting effort. Quantitatively, the main mechanism is that firms attain their employment targets by adjusting their recruiting effort in response to movements in labor market slackness.

Keywords: Recruiting intensity; Unemployment; Macroeconomic shocks; Vacancies; Aggregate matching efficiency; Firm dynamics;

JEL Classification: G01; E24; J23; J63; E44; E32; J64;

https://doi.org/10.21034/sr.553

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Authors

    Mongey, Simon

    Violante, Giovanni L.

    Gavazza, Alessandro

Bibliographic Information

Provider: Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis

Part of Series: Staff Report

Publication Date: 2017-08-25

Pages: 61 pages

Order Number: 553