Prior Fraud Exposure and Precautionary Credit Market Behavior
Abstract: We study how past experiences with privacy shocks affect individuals’ likelihood to take precautionary behavior when faced with a new privacy shock in the context of credit markets. We focus on experiences with identity theft and data breaches, two kinds of privacy shocks that either directly lead to fraud or put an individual at an elevated risk of experiencing fraud. We show that immediately after the announcement of the 2017 Equifax data breach, individuals with either kind of prior fraud exposure were more likely to freeze their credit report and close credit card accounts than individuals with no prior exposure. We also find that prior victims of identity theft, a more serious type of exposure, were more likely to take precautionary actions than individuals who were victims of a previous data breach.
File format is application/pdf
Description: Full text
Provider: Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City
Part of Series: Research Working Paper
Publication Date: 2022-11-07
Number: RWP 22-14