Working Paper

Equity Financing Risk


Abstract: A risk factor linked to aggregate equity issuance conditions explains the empirical performance of investment factors based on the asset growth anomaly of Cooper, Gulen, and Schill (2008). This new risk factor, dubbed equity financing risk (EFR) factor, subsumes investment factors in leading linear factor models. Most importantly, when substituted for investment factors, the EFR factor improves the overall pricing performance of linear factor models, delivering a significant reduction in absolute pricing errors and their associated t-statistics for several anomalies, including the ones related to R&D expenditures and cash-based operating profitability.

Keywords: Equity returns; R&D; Factor models; Equity issuances; Financing constraints;

JEL Classification: G12; G31; G35;

https://doi.org/10.17016/FEDS.2020.037

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Provider: Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.)

Part of Series: Finance and Economics Discussion Series

Publication Date: 2020-05-20

Number: 2020-037