Working Paper

Credit scoring and the availability, price, and risk of small business credit

Abstract: We examine the economic effects of small business credit scoring (SBCS) and find that it is associated with expanded quantities, higher average prices, and greater risk levels for small business credits under $100,000. These findings are consistent with a net increase in lending to relatively risky \"marginal borrowers\" that would otherwise not receive credit, but pay relatively high prices when they are funded. We also find that: 1) bank-specific and industrywide learning curves are important; 2) SBCS effects differ for banks that adhere to \"rules\" versus \"discretion\" in using the technology; and 3) SBCS effects differ for slightly larger credits.

Keywords: Small business; Risk;

Status: Published in Journal of money, credit & banking, v. 37, no. 2 (April 2005)

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Bibliographic Information

Provider: Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.)

Part of Series: Finance and Economics Discussion Series

Publication Date: 2002

Number: 2002-26