Taking the Fed at its Word: A New Approach to Estimating Central Bank Objectives Using Text Analysis
Abstract: We propose a new approach to estimating central bank objectives, including the implicit inflation target, that requires no priors on the underlying macroeconomic structure nor observation of monetary policy actions. Our approach entails directly estimating the Federal Open Market Committee's (FOMC) objective function from the tone used by participants at the internal meetings. The results challenge two key aspects of conventional wisdom regarding FOMC preferences. First, the FOMC had an implicit inflation target of approximately 1 1/2 percent on average over our baseline 2000 ? 2013 sample period, which was below average realized inflation. Second, the FOMC's loss is monotonically decreasing in real economic activity. We show these two results are complementary within a simple New Keynesian model.
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Description: Full text
Provider: Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco
Part of Series: Working Paper Series
Publication Date: 2019-06-25
Pages: 74 pages