Working Paper

A theory of North-South customs unions

Abstract: We examine the implications of a North-South trade accord where investments in the Southern partner nation exhibit country risk. Our analysis demonstrates that treatment of foreign investment, inducing additional foreign capital inflows. Moreover, the impact of the accord on Southern credibility is directly increasing in the gains from trade between the two partner countries. We also demonstrate that the presence of sovereign risk changes the tradeoffs between trade creation and diversion, enhancing the potential for welfare-increasing trade-diverting North-South regional trade accords.

Keywords: North American Free Trade Agreement; International trade; Free trade;

Status: Published in Conference on Monetary Policy in a Changing Financial Environment ; Journal of International Economics (December 1998, v. 46, no. 2, p229-251)


    Spiegel, Mark M.

    Fernandez-Arias, Eduardo

Bibliographic Information

Provider: Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco

Part of Series: Working Papers in Applied Economic Theory

Publication Date: 1995

Number: 95-06