Working Paper

Do Monetary Policy Announcements Shift Household Expectations?


Abstract: We use daily survey data from Gallup to assess whether households' beliefs about economic conditions are influenced by surprises in monetary policy announcements. We first provide more general evidence that public confidence in the state of the economy reacts to certain types of macroeconomic news very quickly. Next, we show that surprises to the Federal Funds target rate are among the news that have statistically significant and instantaneous effects on economic confidence. In contrast, surprises about forward guidance and asset purchases do not have similar effects on household beliefs, perhaps because they are less well understood. We document heterogeneity in the responsiveness of sentiment across demographics.

Keywords: Monetary policy shocks; central bank communication; information rigidities; consumer confidence; high frequency identification;

JEL Classification: E30; E40; E50; E70;

https://doi.org/10.24149/wp1906

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Authors

    Lewis, Daniel J.

    Makridis, Christos

    Mertens, Karel

Bibliographic Information

Provider: Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas

Part of Series: Working Papers

Publication Date: 2019-09-05

Number: 1906

Pages: 48 pages