Working Paper

How Do Housing Markets Affect Local Consumer Prices? – Evidence from U.S. Cities

Abstract: Analyzing city-level retail price data for a variety of consumer products, we find that house price changes lead local consumer price changes, but not vice versa. The transmission of the house price changes differs substantially across locations and products. It also hinges on the nature of housing market shocks; housing supply shocks propagate through the cost-push channel via local cost and markup effects, while housing demand shocks transmit through conventional wealth and collateral effects. Our findings suggest that housing may exert greater impacts on the local cost-of-living and consumer welfare than what is reflected in its share in CPI.

Keywords: Housing market; Consumer price; U.S. cities; Pass-through; FAVAR model; VECM;

JEL Classification: E21; E31; R20; R30;

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Bibliographic Information

Provider: Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas

Part of Series: Globalization Institute Working Papers

Publication Date: 2020-08-27

Number: 398