Working Paper

Non-Bank Financial Institutions and Banks’ Fire-Sale Vulnerabilities

Abstract: Banks carry significant exposures to nonbanks from direct dealings, but they can also be exposed, indirectly, through losses in asset values resulting from fire-sale events. We assess the vulnerability of U.S. banks to fire sales potentially originating from any of twelve separate non-bank segments and identify network-like externalities driven by the interconnectedness across non-bank types in terms of asset holdings. We document that such network externalities can contribute to very large multiples of an original fire sale, thus suggesting that conventional assessments of fire-sale vulnerabilities can be grossly understated and highlighting the value of treating non-bank financial institutions as one organic whole for monitoring purposes.

Keywords: fire sales; network externalities; financial stability; nonbanks; monitoring;

JEL Classification: G21; G23;

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Bibliographic Information

Provider: Federal Reserve Bank of Boston

Part of Series: Supervisory Research and Analysis Working Papers

Publication Date: 2023-03-03

Number: SRA 23-01