Productivity Improvements and Markup Normalization Can Support Further Wage Gains without Inflationary Pressures

Abstract: Wage inflation remains higher than it was before the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic, raising concerns that it could hinder progress toward a return of price inflation to the Federal Reserve’s 2 percent target. The impact of wage inflation on price inflation, however, cannot be considered independently of the behavior of productivity and firms’ markups. In that context, there are scenarios in which wage inflation could stay above trend for a few more quarters without contributing to higher price inflation.

Keywords: wage inflation; productivity;

JEL Classification: E24; E31; E39;

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Bibliographic Information

Provider: Federal Reserve Bank of Boston

Part of Series: Current Policy Perspectives

Publication Date: 2024-06-27

Number: 2024-5