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Keywords:Saving and investment 

Journal Article
Direct investments in securities: A primer

Direct investment plans (commonly known as DRIPs) let investors bypass traditional investment channels and avoid problems such as high transactions costs and the relatively large dollar amounts necessary to purchase certain assets. While no one expects these plans to answer all of the modern investor's needs, DRIPs probably appeal to the buy-and-hold clientele seeking the lowest possible transactions costs. ; This article discusses DRIPs, describing how the financial services industry has evolved to meet the needs of the small investor. The author identifies the remaining limitations on this ...
Economic Review , Volume 88 , Issue Q1 , Pages 1-14

Journal Article
Individual Development Accounts: an endangered wealth-creation strategy?

The introduction of the Individual Development Account in 1996 opened the door to a new school of thought on ending the cycle of poverty.
Community Reinvestment Forum , Issue Win

Working Paper
By force of demand: explaining international comovements and the saving-investment correlation puzzle

This paper explores the possibility that economic fluctuations may be largely demand-driven. It is shown that the stylized open-economy business cycle regularities documented by Feldstein and Horioka (1980) and Backus, Kehoe and Kydland (1992) can be explained by demand shocks alone even in a standard general equilibrium model. Frictions such as market incompleteness, increasing returns to scale, and sticky prices do not appear to be the preconditions for resolving these long-standing puzzles.
Working Papers , Paper 2005-043

Journal Article
The American Dream Demonstration: IDA program outcomes

The American Dream Demonstration, the largest collection of individual development account programs ever undertaken in the United States, has encouraging evidence that the poor can save. Could this be the future of asset development?
Communities and Banking , Issue Win , Pages 7-9

Journal Article
The role of savings and investment in balancing the current account: some empirical evidence from the United States

Current account deficits ultimately reflect a disparity between a country's national savings and investment. As such, the issue of how current account balance is achieved in practice can be viewed in terms of whether it is savings or investment that adjusts to an external deficit. In this article, the author examines empirically how savings and investment have responded to current account imbalances in the United States over the past 40 years. The main finding is that, on average, investment was largely responsible for rebalancing the current account in the long run. The finding that ...
New England Economic Review , Issue Jul , Pages 3-14

Speech
The U.S. economic outlook

Remarks at the Washington and Lee University H. Parker Willis Lecture in Political Economics, Lexington, Virginia.
Speech , Paper 20

Newsletter
A crack in the nest egg: are Americans doing enough to save for retirement?

Before the current recession, soaring stock prices and housing values made many Americans feel well off, and thus many were lax in saving for retirement. The current financial market downturn has erased much of the previous gains, leaving many workers unprepared for retirement.
Liber8 Economic Information Newsletter , Issue May

Report
Social Security, benefit claiming, and labor force participation: a quantitative general equilibrium approach

We build a general equilibrium model of overlapping generations that incorporates endogenous saving, labor force participation, work hours, and Social Security benefit claims. Using this model, we study the impact of three Social Security reforms: 1) a reduction in benefits and payroll taxes; 2) an increase in the earliest retirement age, to sixty-four from sixty-two; and 3) an increase in the normal retirement age, to sixty-eight from sixty-six. We find that a 50 percent cut in the scope of the current system significantly raises asset holdings and the labor input, primarily through higher ...
Staff Reports , Paper 436

Working Paper
Stockholding behavior of U.S. households: evidence from the 1983-89 Survey of Consumer Finances

Most households persistently invest in riskless assets but not stocks, and may do so because they perceive the information required for market participation to be costly relative to expected benefits. In a CCAPM, increased risk aversion, income risk, and lower resources reduce the information expense sufficient to deter stockholding. Bivariate probit analysis using the 1983-89 Survey of Consumer Finances shows that households with lower risk aversion, higher education, and greater wealth who were nonstockholders in 1983 had an increased conditional probability of entering by 1989, while 1983 ...
International Finance Discussion Papers , Paper 558

Working Paper
Asset allocation and section 529 plans

Previous research has concluded that prespecified asset allocations used by many Section 529 college savings plans are suboptimal. We extend this research to show that though it may be true, it is true for reasons other than those asserted in previous research. In addition, it tends to deflect attention from other investment options and strategies.
FRB Atlanta Working Paper , Paper 2003-1

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