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Author:Schmid, Frank A. 

Working Paper
Cracks in the facade: American economic and financial structures after the boom

The United States experienced a historic boom during the late 1990s and briefly into the new millennium, highlighted by rapid economic and productivity growth, surging corporate profitability, sustained business investment in many areas, including high technology and telecommunications, and a soaring stock market. Many observers concluded that a "new era" had arrived. Meanwhile, the prestige of the Federal Reserve rose along with faith in the U.S. economy and its stock market. Deflation of the great boom brings with it many unanswered questions. Was there ever really a "new era" in the ...
Working Papers , Paper 2002-026

Journal Article
Credit unions and the common bond

A distinguishing feature of credit unions is the legal requirement that members share a common bond. This organizing principle recently became the focus of national attention when the Supreme Court and the U.S. Congress took opposite sides in a controversy regarding the number of common bonds (fields of membership) that could coexist within a single credit union. In this article, Emmons and Schmid develop and simulate a model of credit-union formation and consolidation to examine the effects of common-bond restrictions on the performance of credit unions. The performance measures are ...
Review , Volume 81 , Issue Sep , Pages 41-64

Journal Article
Universal banking, control rights, and corporate finance in Germany

This article describes the most important corporate governance practices in contemporary Germany. These practices include a prominent role for universal banks, other large financial and non-financial firms, and employees through a system known as codetermination. While some similarities exist, many features of corporate governance in Germany differ greatly from those found in the United States. This article provides historical background and a review of the existing empirical evidence on these topics.
Review , Issue Jul , Pages 19-42

Journal Article
Bank competition and concentration: do credit unions matter?

One interesting aspect of the financial services industry is that for-profit institutions, such as commercial banks, compete directly with not-for-profit financial intermediaries, such as credit unions. In this article, William R. Emmons and Frank A. Schmid analyze the competition between banks and credit unions. Using annual county-level data on banking-market concentration and household participation rates at occupational credit unions for the period between 1989 and 1996, the authors find empirical evidence of two-way competitive interactions between banks and credit unions.
Review , Volume 82 , Issue May

Working Paper
Class struggle inside the firm: a study of German codetermination

Under the German system of "codetermination," employees are legally allocated some control rights over corporate assets, in the form of board seats. We empirically investigate the implications of equal board representation compared with one-third employee representation and find a 26% stock market discount on firms with equal representation. Employees redistribute the firm's surplus towards themselves but may also prefer a different objective function for the firm, maximizing employee utility rather than shareholder value. We investigate the shareholder response to codetermination via ...
Working Papers , Paper 2000-025

Journal Article
Online taxation

National Economic Trends , Issue Sep

Journal Article
Gamblers fallacy?

Monetary Trends , Issue Apr

Working Paper
Banks vs. credit unions; dynamic competition in local markets

One interesting aspect of the financial services industry is that for-profit institutions such as commercial banks compete directly with not-for-profit financial intermediaries such as credit unions. In this article, we analyze competition among banks and between banks and credit unions using a dynamic model of spatial competition. The model allows for the co-existence of (for-profit) banks and (not-for-profit) credit unions. Using annual county-level data on banking market concentration and credit-union participation rates for the period 1989-96, we find empirical evidence of two-way ...
Working Papers , Paper 2000-006

Working Paper
Universal banking, allocation of control rights, and corporate finance in Germany

Corporate governance practices differ greatly in the United States and Germany. This paper describes the main institutional features of the German corporate governance system, focusing on universal banks and codetermination. The paper also summarizes existing empirical evidence that has investigated how- and how well- this system works.
Working Papers , Paper 1998-001

Journal Article
Fear of hell might fire up the economy

In those countries where a large percentage of the population believes in hell, there seem to be less corruption and a higher standard of living.
The Regional Economist , Issue Jul , Pages 10-11


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Emmons, William R. 19 items

Kliesen, Kevin L. 4 items

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Hazen, Judith H. 2 items

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