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Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia
Working Papers
The Effects of Competition in Consumer Credit Markets
Stefan Gissler
Rodney Ramcharan
Edison Yu

Using changes in financial regulation that create exogenous entry in some consumer credit markets, we find that increased competition induces banks to become more specialized and efficient, while deposit rates increase and borrowing costs for riskier collateral decline. However, shadow banks change their credit policy when faced with more competition and aggressively expand credit to riskier borrowers at the extensive margin, resulting in higher default rates. These results show how the form of intermediation can shape economic fluctuations. They also suggest that increased competition can lead to large changes in credit policy at institutions outside the traditional supervisory umbrella, possibly creating a less stable financial system.

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Stefan Gissler & Rodney Ramcharan & Edison Yu, The Effects of Competition in Consumer Credit Markets, Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia, Working Papers 18-24, 23 Oct 2018.
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Keywords: credit policies; consumer credit
DOI: https://doi.org/10.21799/frbp.wp.2018.24
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