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Federal Reserve Bank of New York
Staff Reports
Tuition, jobs, or housing: what's keeping millennials at home?
Zachary Bleemer
Meta Brown
Donghoon Lee
Wilbert Van der Klaauw
Abstract

This paper documents marked changes in young Americans’ residence choices over the past fifteen years, with recent cohorts delaying homeownership and lingering much longer in parents’ households. To understand the sources and implications of this decline in independence, we estimate the contributions of local economic circumstances to the decision to live with parents or independently. Transition models, local aggregates, and state-cohort tuition patterns are used to address the likely presence of individual- and neighborhood-level unobserved heterogeneity. Employment and housing market estimates imply countervailing influences of local economic growth on co-residence. Increasing college costs, however, unambiguously favor co-residence with parents.


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Zachary Bleemer & Meta Brown & Donghoon Lee & Wilbert Van der Klaauw, Tuition, jobs, or housing: what's keeping millennials at home?, Federal Reserve Bank of New York, Staff Reports 700, 01 Nov 2014, revised 01 Jul 2017.
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Note: Previous title: "Debt, Jobs, or Housing: What’s Keeping Millennials at Home?"
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Keywords: household information; mobility; student loans
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